Marine, Automotive, Solar and Industrial Batteries Analysis

Published on: May 20, 2022
Written by Liam Jaxon / Fact-checked by David Rowan

Many new items are launched each year relying on batteries or portable electricity. A wide range of lead-acid and lithium batteries can power everything from marine, automotive, solar to industrial batteries.

When these batteries run out, our lives come to a grinding halt. It’s essential to evaluate the battery’s chemistry, dimensions, capacity, drain current, maximum pulse current and charging current or voltage before purchasing a battery. 

marine, automotive, solar and industrial batteries analysis

Battery life is extended by using lithium batteries instead of lead-acid industrial batteries. High-end AGM batteries are rapidly being replaced with lithium batteries with BMS.

For example,  Lithium Marine Batteries are big mobile phone batteries for boats. Other aspects must be considered while selecting a battery size. Let’s start by figuring out which battery is best.

What Are Marine, Automotive, Solar, and Industrial Batteries?

You’ve probably seen a few different types of batteries in your life, and they have different functions.

Marine Batteries

Marine batteries have larger plates and a more robust structure to withstand the vibration and hammering that may occur onboard. As a result, marine batteries are frequently more expensive than vehicle batteries, leading some boat owners to buy an automobile battery instead.

Marine Batteries Types

Marine batteries come in three primary varieties:

Marine Starting Batteries: 

To start the engine, Marine Starting Batteries are intended to be quickly recharged by the engine alternator, delivering brief bursts of power. The [amazon link=”B000MS9VZK” title=”Optima 8020-164 35 redtop starting battery” /] has high power and reserve capacity to start your vehicle quickly. 

Marine Deep Cycle Batteries: 

Marine deep cycle batteries are the most common power source for trolling motors and other onboard electronics.They are built to last several hundred charging and draining cycles. Some consumers are unsure about what size marine battery they need for trolling motors. Those who are confused can blindly go with the VMAX857 Hi-Performance Battery that can discharge 35A per hour continuously for hours.

Marine Dual-Purpose Batteries: 

They combine the characteristics of a starting and deep cycle battery and are ideal for boats with limited space.They are so light that you can use two marine batteries in a boat. Odyssey 34m-pc1500st dual-purpose battery has huge starting power and exceptional deep cycling capability, making it ideal for trolling and powering onboard electrical gadgets.

Automotive Batteries

An automotive battery powers a car. The electric starter motor charges the chemically fueled internal combustion engine, which then charges the battery. A car’s electrical systems continue to run while the engine is running. The sort of battery you need to utilize depends on how many amps a car battery can deliver.

Automotive Batteries Types

Below are a few different types of automobile batteries to give you an idea.

Starting, Lighting, and Ignition Batteries (SLI) 

The vast majority of vehicles on the road come equipped with SLI batteries. Six galvanic cells arranged in series constitute a 12-volt system in SLI batteries. After charging each cell, the overall output is 12.6 volts. Optima 8027-127 D27M Starting Battery is the best for this application.

Lithium-Ion Batteries (Li-ion)

A Lithium-ion Battery has gained popularity recently. Modern hybrids and electric cars employ Li-ion batteries. Compared to other batteries, Li-ion batteries store more charge. Ampere Time 12V 50Ah Lithium LiFePO4 batteries are lighter than comparable conventional automotive batteries. Regardless of use, Li-ion batteries have a lifespan of 5 to 10 years.

Lead-Acid Batteries

These are the most low-maintenance batteries available. There is no way to service Lead-Acid batteries because they are sealed, and a battery replacement is the only option. Lead-Acid Batteries supply electricity to the starter motor in bursts as well.

YTX20L-BS and YTX20HL-BS batteries are an example of high-performance Lead-Acid batteries.

Solar Batteries

The inverter sends power from the panels to your home via a solar battery. Evenings, when solar panels aren’t producing energy, they can be stored and used later by a battery. Some solar battery banks use wet cells, whereas others use gel or sealed cells. 

Solar Batteries Types

In terms of solar batteries, there are five main categories to choose from:

Flooded Lead-Acid

They are called “Wet cell” batteries because they are filled with electrolytes. It’s best suited for off-grid systems with a medium to high load. However, a full bank of batteries might take up much room. User-friendly ExpertPower EXP12180 is the most trusted and highest-reviewed sealed lead-acid battery nowadays.

Gelled Electrolyte Sealed Lead-Acid

The electrolyte is suspended in silica gel in this lead-acid sealed battery. It is suitable for the majority of deep-cycle applications. Capacity varies, but it’s similar to a marine or automobile battery. Renogy 12V 100AH Hybrid Gel Batteryprovides long-term leakage-free and maintenance-free services.

Sealed Absorbed Glass Mat Lead-Acid (AGM)

Thin glass mats hold the electrolyte rather than freely flooding the plates. Suitable for standby applications with infrequent deep discharges; however, technology is advancing for military applications. AGM technology maintains Exide XMC-31  battery sealed and ready for high-duty use. Batteries are a worry-free and dependable source of power.


Today, the most widely used energy storage technology is lithium-ion batteries. Solar energy can be stored using lithium iron phosphate (LFP) batteries. Quality batteries can last 5,000-7,000 cycles. They are also extensively used as lawn tractor batteries in addition to solar batteries. It is maintenance-free—no need to add or refill water.


Electrolytes are stored in tanks between reaction stacks. It is ideal for storing enormous amounts of energy.

 Industrial Batteries

The term “Industrial Batteries” implies that the battery is built to resist heavy use, increased vibration, and possible temperature extremes, making it suitable for use in industrial environments. They are powerful.

Industrial Batteries Types

Industrial batteries are made to last long. When picking a battery for your application, consider each type’s benefits and features. The following are the three most prevalent industrial battery types:

Lithium-ion Batteries:

Applications for Lithium-Ion batteries are numerous, and they power airplanes, electrical devices, and satellites. Many industrial forklifts run on lithium batteries, and these batteries are light and charge quickly. CHINs LiFePO4 batteries can be a better investment than other lithium-ion batteries in the long term.

Lead-acid Batteries:

Batteries, particularly industrial forklifts, require massive lead-acid batteries. Also, they are larger and heavier than other possibilities, making them quite popular among business owners looking to reduce operating costs. The ML9-12 – 12 V 9 Ah Rechargeable SLA battery can be placed in any position and withstands shocks and vibration. It can perform at a high level in both hot and cold conditions.

Nickel Cadmium Batteries:

In exercise equipment and aviation, nickel-cadmium batteries are widely employed. Although popular for their durability and reliability, these batteries require more maintenance than conventional batteries. 

What Are the Most Efficient Methods for Charging and Discharging Marine, Automotive, Solar, and Industrial Batteries?

Marine Batteries

The most efficient method for charging and discharging marine batteries is with a three-stage, smart charger. This type of charger monitors the battery’s state of charge and adjusts the charging current accordingly, ensuring the correct charge is delivered to the battery.

Automotive Batteries

The most efficient method for charging and discharging automotive batteries is through a pulse-width modulation (PWM) charger. This type of charger uses an oscillating current to charge and maintain the battery, providing a more consistent charge and reducing the risk of overcharging.

Solar Batteries

The most efficient method for charging and discharging solar batteries is through a charge controller. This type of device regulates the charging current and voltage, preventing overcharging and protecting the battery from damage due to excessive current.

Industrial Batteries

The most efficient method for charging and discharging industrial batteries is a fast-charging system. This type of system uses a multi-stage charge algorithm to charge the battery quickly and safely, ensuring the battery is always charged to the optimal level.

The Best Marine, Automotive, Solar, and Industrial Batteries Comparison Chart

BrandCell CompositionTypeVoltageDimensionAH
[amazon link=”B00K8V2VD0″ title=”Mighty Max ML35-12 SLA Battery” /]Marine SLA / AGM spill proof Trolling motor12 V7 68 inches x 5 16 inches x 7 13 inches35 AH
Optima OPT8016-103 BatteriesLead AcidStarting and Deep Cycle12 V10 inches x 6 7/8 inches x 7 13/16 inches55 AH
[amazon link=”B08R75QQZ6″ title=”Roypow Deep Cycle LiFePO4″ /]Lithium-PhosphateDeep Cycle12 V7 inches x 2.9 inches x 6.7 inches18 AH
Odyssey 34M-PC1500STLead-Acid, AGMDual-Purpose12 V13.25 inches x 11  inches x 9.5  inches
[amazon link=”B075RFXHYK” title=”Renogy Deep Cycle AGM Battery” /] Lead-Acid, AGMDeep Cycle12 V13.1 inches x 6.9 inches x 8.6 inches100 AH

Recommended Marine, Automotive, Solar, and Industrial Batteries

Vmaxtanks MR107 12V 85AH AGM SLA Battery 

The AGM characteristic of VMAX tank batteries is manufactured uniquely, and plates’ physical and chemical properties are distinct. The AGM properties also enhance the battery’s shock and vibration resistance. The battery can endure for up to 10 hours a day when in use.

BattleBorn Deep Cycle RV Battery 

It’s a non-toxic LiFePO4 cell-type RV battery. The BMS feature protects it from low or excessive voltage. This LiFePO4 battery weighs 29 pounds, measures 12.75 inches by 6.875 inches by 9.0 inches, and has a continuous output of 100 amps or a surge output of 200 amps. It has a cycle life of 3000-5000 cycles. 


The Exide XMC-31 is sealed to avoid electrolyte spillage and is built to last. This strong battery never needs charging. Also, heavy users should not be concerned about power shortages. To keep cells moist, it has an Absorbed Glass Mat separator.

Odyssey 34m-pc1500st Dual Purpose Battery

The Odyssey marine battery line includes a 15% larger plate surface area to prevent dead space between cylinders. It consists of an 850 CCA power supply, making it ideal for starting and powering your boat’s electronic gadgets. This dual-purpose battery can withstand up to 400 cycles and 80 percent depth of drain; it protects against high impact shocks and mechanical vibration.

Exide Edge FP-AGM24DP Flat Plate Sealed Battery

With a 775A cranking current, this battery can easily start a large motor, and that’s why it’s rated as the finest starter battery. Trolling for over an hour is possible with the 25A reserve capacity. It contains a special vent system that allows water in the battery cells to recombine to reduce evaporation.


What Is the Difference Between an RV Battery and Marine Battery?

The main difference between marine and RV batteries is that marine batteries’ plates are thicker and contain more antimony, allowing them to run longer than RV batteries.

What Are the Key Differences Between Marine, Automotive, Solar, and Industrial Batteries?

Marine batteries are designed to be used in boats and other marine vessels. They are typically steeped in water and are designed to withstand the corrosive effects of saltwater. Automotive batteries are designed to provide power to the starter and ignition system of a vehicle. They are designed to handle the electrical demands of an automobile and are usually sealed to prevent corrosion. Solar batteries are rechargeable batteries designed to store energy generated from solar panels and are usually deep-cycle batteries. Industrial batteries are designed to provide power to a wide range of heavy-duty industrial applications. They are designed to be able to handle high currents and are usually designed to be resilient to environmental effects.

How to Test a Deep Cycle Battery With a Multimeter?

Pour your load tester’s colored wires on simultaneously, as you did with the multimeter, and start counting 15 seconds with a wristwatch or stopwatch. After 15 seconds, read the load-tester. You can also read How to Test A Deep Cycle Battery with A Multimeter to know more.

How to Charge a Deep Discharge Marine Battery?

Deep cycle batteries are designed to operate at very low voltages without causing any damage. You can find out how to charge your device correctly by going to this page.

How to Fill a Battery with Distilled Water?

Filling a battery may appear simple. Before starting the charge, the water level should be above the plates. Afterwards, clean the trough lids or lids. Remove the battery cover and fill to the specified level. If you know how to make distilled water for batteries at home, you can save a lot of money.

Final Thought

The size, type, chemistry, dimensions, capacity, max drain current, max pulse current, charging current, shelf life, self-discharge rate, etc., of marine, automotive, solar, and industrial batteries all depend on the gadgets, automobiles, or boats it is designed to use. I hope all these battery analyses here will help you short out the perfect one for you.

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About This Writer

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Hi, I am responsible for the 'Homeowners Power Solutions' category. My name is Liam Jaxon and a licensed technician with 7 years of experience in vehicle batteries, electrical gadgets, and home appliances. My working experience in different residential & light commercial electrical sectors and the automobile industry helped to acquire vast knowledge in this industry.

Hi, I am responsible for the 'Homeowners Power Solutions' category. My name is Liam Jaxon and a licensed technician with 7 years of experience in vehicle batteries, electrical gadgets, and home appliances. My working experience in different residential & light commercial electrical sectors and the automobile industry helped to acquire vast knowledge in this industry.

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